Tecnologia em Metalurgia, Materiais e Mineração
https://tecnologiammm.com.br/article/doi/10.4322/2176-1523.0900
Tecnologia em Metalurgia, Materiais e Mineração
Artigo Original

ESTUDO DA MORFOLOGIA DE PELOTAS DE MINÉRIO DE FERRO REDUZIDAS POR AGENTES GASOSOS

STUDY OF IRON ORE PELLETS MORPHOLOGY REDUCED BY GASEOUS AGENTS

Rodrigues, Girley Ferreira; Junca, Eduardo; Restivo, Thomaz Augusto Guisard; Oliveira, José Roberto de; Espinosa, Denise Crocce Romano

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Resumo

O estudo da morfologia de pelotas é uma importante ferramenta para compreender possíveis mecanismos envolvidos na redução. Assim, este trabalho tem por objetivo caracterizar três diferentes tipos de minérios e correlacionar a morfologia obtida na redução de pelotas fabricadas a partir destes minérios. A redução foi realizada em um forno tubular horizontal em 850°C em duas atmosferas redutoras. A primeira contendo hidrogênio e a segunda contendo hidrogênio + monóxido de carbono. Análise granulométrica, área superficial e difração de raios-X foram realizadas para a caracterização dos minérios. Microscópio eletrônico de varredura foi utilizado no estudo da morfologia das pelotas reduzidas. Os resultados mostraram que a diminuição da distribuição granulométrica do minério de pellet feed ocasiona um maior número de whisker. Além disso, foi observado que a presença de monóxido de carbono na mistura redutora proporcionou um menor número de poros e uma maior formação de whisker.

Palavras-chave

Caracterização mineralógica, Caracterização morfológica, Pellet feed, Minério de ferro.

Abstract

The study of pellets morphology is an important tool to understand possible mechanisms involved during its reduction reaction. Thus, the aim of this paper is characterize three different iron ores and correlate its morphology obtained after the complete reduction with its features. The reductions tests were accomplished in a horizontal tubular furnace at 850°C. Two reducing atmosphere were used. The first one contained hydrogen. The second one was a mixture between first gas + carbon monoxide. The iron ore characterization was carried out by size analysis, surface area and X-ray analysis. Scanning electron microscopy was used to obtain the morphology from the reduced pellets. The results showed a greater number of whisker were obtained with more fine ore. Furthermore, it was noted that carbon monoxide provided a lesser number of pores and greater number of whisker.

Keywords

Mineralogical characterization, Morphological characterization, Pellet feed, Iron ore.

Referências

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