Tecnologia em Metalurgia, Materiais e Mineração
https://tecnologiammm.com.br/article/doi/10.4322/2176-1523.1170
Tecnologia em Metalurgia, Materiais e Mineração
Artigo Original

AN EXPERIMENTAL METHOD TO SIMULATE THE HOT STAMPING PROCESS

UM MÉTODO EXPERIMENTAL PARA SIMULAR O PROCESSO DE ESTAMPAGEM A QUENTE

Olah Neto, André; Verran, Guilherme Ourique; Dutra, Rodinei Rocha

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Abstract

In this study a new experimental method using low closing pressure and a flat aluminum die was developed in order to investigate the hot stamping process of a 22MnB5 steel grade. Initially, an experimental set up was developed and validated. Next, experiments were carried out to evaluate the behavior of this steel when subjected to quenching, using this experimental set up and different cooling conditions such as water, oil and air. Results were assessed by cooling curves, as well as by mechanical tests and metallographic analyzes. Cooling rates close to 110o C/s, hardness up to 480HV and ultimate tensile strength up to 1600 MPa were achieved, which are considered acceptable values for this steel in normal conditions of hot stamping

Keywords

Hot stamping, 22MnB5 steel, Quenching, Cooling rate.

Resumo

Nesta pesquisa foi desenvolvido um novo método experimental, utilizando baixa pressão de fechamento e uma matriz plana de alumínio, com o objetivo de investigar o processo de estampagem a quente do aço 22MnB5. Inicialmente um aparato experimental foi desenvolvido e validado. A seguir foram realizados experimentos com o objetivo de avaliar o comportamento deste aço quando submetido a diferentes meios de têmpera, usando este método e diferentes condições de resfriamento, tais como água, óleo e ar. Os resultados foram avaliados usando curvas de resfriamento, bem como ensaios mecânicos e análises metalográficas. Foram obtidas taxas de resfriamento próximas de 1000 C/s, durezas acima de 480HV e limite de resistência acima de 1600 MPa, valores que são considerados aceitáveis para este aço em condições normais de estampagem a quente.

Palavras-chave

Estampagem a quente, Aço 22MnB5, Têmpera, Taxa de resfriamento.

Referências

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