Tecnologia em Metalurgia, Materiais e Mineração
https://tecnologiammm.com.br/article/doi/10.4322/tmm.2014.023
Tecnologia em Metalurgia, Materiais e Mineração
Artigo Original

A LENDA DA ESPADA DE DAMASCO - HISTÓRIA E TECNOLOGIA

THE LEGEND OF THE DAMASCUS SWORD - HISTORY AND TECHNOLOGY

Slaughter, Christian; Goldenstein, Hélio

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Resumo

A Espada de Damasco é um sabre que equipou os exércitos muçulmanos medievais. Esta arma está intimamente associada à civilização islâmica. As excelentes propriedades mecânicas, seu significado simbólico, a arte e habilidade envolvida em sua produção, assim como os belos desenhos ondulados visíveis em sua lâmina elevaram esta arma à condição de lenda. Sua principal matéria prima era o aço de cadinho de alto teor de carbono. Evidências revelam que não havia uma única forma de se produzir este aço. O presente artigo se propõe a discutir seus prováveis processos de produção assim como o mecanismo de formação do padrão de Damasco.

Palavras-chave

Espada de Damasco, Aço de damasco, Wootz, Aço de cadinho

Abstract

The Damascus sword is a saber that was the weapon of choice of the Muslim medieval armies. This weapon is closely related to Islamic civilization. Its great mechanical properties, simbolic value, the art and technical skill necessary to its production, as much as its pleasant wavy pattern turned it a legend. Its main raw material was high carbon crucible steels. This paper debates the probable production processes and the mechanism by which Damascus pattern are formed.

Keywords

Damascus sword, Damascus steel, Wootz steel, Crucible steel

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